Evaluation of Seasonal Variations of Physico-chemical and Bacteriological Quality of Groundwater from a Chemical Industry in Port Harcourt Area, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

Authors(3) :-Igwele N.N., Belonwu D. C., Anacletus F. C.

Groundwater samples were collected from a chemical industry in Port Harcourt Area of Rivers State, Nigeria in two sampling seasons (Wet and Dry seasons) and were evaluated for Physico-chemical and Bacteriological Quality. Physico-chemical and Bacteriological results of the dry season groundwater samples showed slightly higher concentrations when compared to the wet season ground water samples except for acidity which had higher value of 43.67 ± 1.20 obtained for the wet season samples. Physico-chemical groundwater parameters such as electrical conductivity, acidity, pH, chloride, sodium chloride and silica showed significant seasonal variations (p<0.05). Results of the average physico-chemical concentrations of the seasonal groundwater samples were all in compliance with the Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ) except for pH which had an average seasonal concentration of 4.90 ± 0.17. Average seasonal bacteriological results of the potable groundwater samples indicated the presence of total bacterial concentration of 5.34 ± 0.17/100mg/l which was above the NSDWQ stipulated value of Nil/100mg/l. Based on these findings, it is therefore necessary to properly disinfect the groundwater before human use so as to avoid the risk of contracting water-borne diseases.

Authors and Affiliations

Igwele N.N.
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemical Sciences, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Nigeria
Belonwu D. C.
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemical Sciences, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Nigeria
Anacletus F. C.
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemical Sciences, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Nigeria

Groundwater, Pollution, Chemical Industry, Physico-chemical, Bacteriological.

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 1 | September-October 2016
Date of Publication : 2016-10-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 23-31
Manuscript Number : CH16115
Date Written : 2016-09-20
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

ISSN : 2456-8457

Suggested Citation :

Igwele N.N., Belonwu D. C., Anacletus F. C., "Evaluation of Seasonal Variations of Physico-chemical and Bacteriological Quality of Groundwater from a Chemical Industry in Port Harcourt Area, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria", International Journal of Scientific Research in Chemistry (IJSRCH), ISSN : 2456-8457, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp.23-31, September-October.2016
URL : http://ijsrch.com/CH16115

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